In vitro fertilisation (also known as IVF) is when fertilisation takes place in the laboratory. This advanced fertility treatment involves much more than just fertilising eggs and sperm. It is vital to assess and optimise male fertility prior to embarking on any IVF cycle. IVF alone does not improve a man's fertility, prior optimisation of male fertility is vital to successful IVF treatment.
What is IVF
IVF is the mixing of sperm and egg in a laboratory setting to create embryos for storage and transfer back to the woman. It will require a woman to take injectable fertility medications to encourage her ovaries to develop multiple eggs. Once the eggs are matured, we would arrange for an egg retrieval procedure. This procedure is performed by using transvaginal ultrasound guidance to guide a small needle into the egg-containing follicles in the ovaries.
- Once the woman’s eggs have been retrieved, embryologists will combine the eggs with sperm in the laboratory. This sperm can come from the woman’s male partner or her selected sperm donor.
Once the sperm fertilises the eggs, embryologists will monitor their growth and development. After testing is complete and the embryos have matured in the lab for several days, we then select one healthy embryo to transfer to the woman’s uterus.
Traditionally, the response to a couple facing fertility problems has been to focus on the woman with little evaluation of the male partner.
Often, assessing the couple as a whole and working to correct this will result in drastic improvements in overall fertility and therefore likelihood of a successful pregnancy.CONTACT US
When to choose IVF
With the correct prior investigations and optimisation of fertility, in vitro fertilisation can help patients overcome some causes of infertility and help those who wish to start a family.
Patients with blocked fallopian tubes often struggle to conceive because the sperm cannot reach the egg, or the fertilised egg cannot reach the uterus could also consider IVF.
In vitro fertilisation would be an option for those couples experiencing tubal factor infertility, ovulatory imbalances and where male fertility has been investigated and improved prior to the procedure.
- If you suffer from endometriosis and polycystic ovary syndrome then you may be a possible candidate for in vitro fertilisation.
If a woman experiences fertility treatment failure or recurrent miscarriages, we might class her as a potential candidate for IVF with genetic testing of the embryos.
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